CPAP, Continuous Positive Airway Pressure – Standard of Care for Patients with Dyspnea
Patients who benefit from CPAP frequently present with a chief complaint of dyspnea. CPAP supports patients in respiratory distress with inspiratory muscle fatigue through their acute crisis, those who would otherwise require intubation. CPAP delivers a constant positive pressure to the airways of a spontaneously breathing patient during inspiration and expiration through a noninvasive mask. CPAP raises inspiratory pressure above atmospheric pressures and then applies PEEP to exhalation.
With a positive effect to patient ventilation, CPAP keeps the bronchi and alveoli open with resulting improved lung compliance and decreased work of breathing. As alveoli stay open, gas-exchange time can double. This increases oxygen levels in the blood and decreases CO2 levels. Clinical studies now recommend CPAP as a first line treatment for patients with:
- Congestive Heart Failure
- Acute Respiratory Failure
- Near Drowning
- or any patient with severe breathing difficulty
In addition, clinical standards for atelectasis have suggested CPAP for post-anesthesia, bariatric surgery care management and ventilator weaning protocols.
EMS agencies with Mask CPAP protocols have reported a substantial decrease in patient intubations with improved emergency room stabilization. A short 10-minute transport has been documented to average 28 minutes of CPAP therapy before reaching the hospital because of the forgotten time elements inherent in EMS calls. It also helps EMS providers avoid complications from intubation-related sedation or paralysis.
Designed to Provide Critical Care CPAP for EMS and Hospital
MACS CPAP Systems outperform
- Demand-flow CPAP automatically adjusts flow to meet changes in patient’s needs; maintaining airway patency and decreasing work of breathing
- Lowest oxygen consumption on the market, providing the patient’s oxygen needs and increase run-time for transport
- Accurate CPAP delivery with calibrated controls and built-in pressure gauge promotes monitoring of the patient